2022-01-13 xky 9074
What is the coolest obscure historical fact you know?


Rosheela Pandey
This may not be as obscure but this is my absolute favorite one because she makes me feel super powerful in ways I can't describe.
This is Agnodice, a Greek physician, mainly obstetrician.
In 4th Century BC, in Greece where women were prohibited to study and practice medicine, Agnodice who was appalled by the number of maternal and perinatal mortalities, wanted to study medicine to help women survive labor.
But sadly, Agnodice was not a man. But this did not deter her. She cut off her hair, dressed herself as a man and traveled to Alexandria to study medicine under Herophilos of Chalcedon. She studied all she could in the guise of a man and returned to Athens to put into practice all she had learnt.
In a society that valued female modesty in all forms, a lot of women refused a male doctor to conduct their labor and hence died in childbirth. When the news of Agnodice, still disguised as a male but was in fact a female spread along the female community, a lot of women asked her to be there to see them through their deliveries.
To other practising doctors, it seemed suspicious for women to seek advice and care during their pregnancy by Agnodice, whom they considered as a man, but still refuse their own expertise. They believed that Agnodice was seducing the women into treating them and was hence brought in front of the jury.
She could do nothing to prove her innocence except to show the most obvious proof that she was not seducing other women. She pulled off her robes, in front of the whole jury to show that she was a woman! (In that century, like what a badass, right!!)


公元前4世纪,在希腊,妇女被禁止学习和行医,阿格诺迪斯对产妇和围产期(是指怀孕28 周到产后一周这一分娩前后的重要时期)死亡人数感到震惊,她想学习医学来帮助妇女度过难关。

She might have disproved that she was seducing her clients (she being a woman herself) but the men who brought her to court were outraged. How dare a woman practise medicine, disguised as a man and that too right under their noses! The action was heinous. And in those times, women were prohibited to study and practise medicine and was in fact deemed a crime, punishable by death. So she was sentenced to death.
When the news of their trusted obstetrician sentenced to die reached the general mass, a lot of women, including wives of the people in power, rallied their way into the court to protest and demanded her to be released. Unable to deter this angry mob of women who wanted to protect the physician who had saved countless of mothers and their neonates, they decided to change the law. Since then, women were allowed to legally study and practice medicine.
Since then, Agnodice has been an icon in Medicine, signifying female equality in the field of medicine. She was the first female physician to have ever been acknowledged in those times.
It is still debated if she was a real person or something people made up but every single time I come across something regarding Agnodice, something in my chest just expands in pride for this woman who has paved way into the field of medicine for women like us. She may not be real, but for me, she is one hell of a badass woman. Truly an icon.


Ayesha Azhar
In 1931, the Second Round Table conference was held in the United Kingdom and was attended by a large number of Indian delegates like Mahatma Gandhi and Muhammad Iqbal.
Enroute to the UK, a picture was taken of Gandhi on the ship SS Rajputana, which shows him laughing with and cuddling a baby girl.


Gandhi, 1931 (甘地,1931年)

The baby in the picture is Aziz Fatima, daughter of Shoaib Qureshi, a Congress member. According to reports, Gandhi and the baby developed a special bond and were seen interacting several times during the course of the journey.
Aziz Fatima is the granddaughter of Maulana Muhammad Ali Jauhar, an Indian activist who led the Khilafat Movement to protect the caliphate of the Ottoman Sultan. Maulana Muhammad Ali Jauhar was elected as President of the Indian National Congress in 1923 and was one of the founding members of the All India Muslim League.
Maulana Muhammad Ali Jauhar attended the First Round Table Conference in UK in 1930 and died in 1931, at the age of 52. He was buried in Jerusalem as, according to him, “He would not return to India alive unless the country was set free. I would prefer to die in a foreign country so long as it is a free country, and if you do not give us freedom in India, you will have to give me a grave here."
According to reports, Gandhi only smiled while in the presence of Aziz Fatima, which is why photographers continually borrowed the baby to take pictures of Gandhi.
“They asked my father if they could borrow me,” says Aziz Fatima. “The pair of us was called the ‘toothless grins’ since neither of us had any teeth!”
Sushila Nayyar, an Indian politician, wrote an account of the jovial time Gandhi spent with baby Aziz Fatima:
“Only once have I known anyone to get away with the last smile at his expense. It was in 1931, on board the SS Rajputana. He was indulging in a little swagger about his paternity bump, of which he has a grand conceit. He claimed he could hold the baby of Shoaib Qureshi better than anyone else and proceeded to make good his claim with a fake grimace. The baby smiled its sweetest, blandest smile as it quietly came into his arms. Quickly, Gandhiji returned it to its nurse, the baby still smiling, but Gandhiji’s grimace gone!”
Aziz Fatima migrated to Pakistan in 1948 and married Dr Zainulabidin Kamaluddin Kazi (founder of orthopaedic surgery at Jinnah Postgraduate Medical Centre, Karachi) in 1951.

阿齐兹·法蒂玛(Aziz Fatima)是印度活动家毛拉娜·穆罕默德·阿里·焦哈尔(Maulana Muhammad Ali Jauhar)的孙女。毛拉娜·穆罕默德·阿里·焦哈尔领导了希拉法特运动,以保护奥斯曼苏丹的哈里发。莫拉娜·穆罕默德·阿里·焦哈尔于1923年当选为印度国大党主席,是全印度穆斯林联盟的创始成员之一。
印度政治家苏西拉·纳亚尔(Sushila Nayyar)写了一篇关于甘地与婴儿阿齐兹·法蒂玛(Aziz Fatima)度过的快乐时光的文章:

Aziz Fatima with her husband, Dr. Kazi. (阿齐兹·法蒂玛和她的丈夫卡齐医生。)
原创翻译:龙腾网 http://www.ltaaa.cn 转载请注明出处

Two of Mrs. Aziz Kazi’s daughters were English teachers in my high school. One of them, Miss Kazi, taught me most of what I know about English Literature, politics, history and feminism. Miss Kazi taught her students to look beyond and see the shades of grey in between. She taught us to dream and stand up for ourselves and others, even when no one else does.
I met Mrs. Aziz Kazi once, when we had an afternoon class at Miss Kazi’s house. She welcomed us warmly but I never really had a personal conversation with her. Even so, it was exhilarating to imagine I was in the presence of the same woman who, as a baby, boarded the SS Rajputana with Gandhi and made him smile so.
Gandhiji and Maulana Muhammad Ali Jauhar are gone, but this picture will live on forever; as proof of their joint struggle against the British, to gain freedom for India.

原创翻译:龙腾网 http://www.ltaaa.cn 转载请注明出处

Will Telford
The Tale of Two Lovers was an erotic book written in 1444 and was one of the bestselling books of the 15th Century. It was written by Aeneas Silvius Piccolomini and tells the story of two lovers in Siena, Italy.
It focuses on the love story of Lucretia, a married woman, and Euryalus, a servant of the Duke of Austria. The first printed version published in 1470 contained lots of erotic imagery to accompany the story.
But what really makes this story special is the fact that the author, Aeneas Silvius Piccolomini, is better known to the world as Pope Pius II. Who is also the only reigning Pope to have written an autobiography—quite the author!

《两个情人的故事》是一本写于1444年的情色小说,是15世纪最畅销的书之一。这本书由埃涅阿斯·西尔维乌斯·皮科洛米尼(Aeneas Silvius Piccolomini)撰写,讲述了意大利锡耶纳的一对恋人的故事。
但真正让这个故事与众不同的是,作者埃涅阿斯·西尔维乌斯·皮科洛米尼(Aeneas Silvius Piccolomini)是世人所知的是教皇庇护二世。他也是唯一一位写过自传的在位教皇——相当于作者!

Mikael Eriksson
Alfred Nobel decided to initiate the Nobel prize after reading his own obituary.
The Nobel Prizes came about through a chance event. When Nobel's brother died, a newspaper ran a long obituary of Alfred Nobel, believing that it was he who had passed away. The newspaper described him as the inventor of dynamite, the man who had made it possible to kill more people more quickly than anyone else who had ever lived.
At that moment, Nobel realized two things: that this was how he was going to be remembered, and that this was not how he wanted to be remembered.


Brian Kearney
When I was a young man I worked as a limousine driver in Boston. We catered often to tourists and I gave historical tours in and around the city. Obviously the American Revolution is big business in the tour industry in Boston. I would often take families out to Concord and Lexington to see where everything got started etc.
One of my most popular stops was parking the Limousine or company car in Concord center and leading my clients for a little jaunt up the hill into Sleepy Hollow Cemetery. Everyone wanted to see Louisa May Alcott, Emerson and Hawthorn etc up on Authors ridge. I memorized quick interesting things to say about their lives. Then wait while folks wandered around exploring the cemetery and taking pictures etc.
One day as i stood waiting on the cemetery path I noticed a non descxt grave off to my left. Dozens of folks walked right past the grave no one giving it any attention. I read the name. “Daniel Chester French.” I was floored. It couldn’t be but it was. I found myself marveling at the melancholic irony. Here, in this simple grave site with this nice but plain grave marker was the most famous monument and statue maker the Country has ever known: The Lincoln memorial, The minute Man statue, John Harvard statue etc etc. and no one even bothered to pause. Almost 5 million people visit the Lincoln Memorial a year. Truly his work dwarfs all the others in the cemetery but no one cared. No one even knew his name. It made me sad. From that moment on I made it a point to bring all clients to that spot and to relay what I knew.
Anyway, I thought it was interesting fact that such a giant rests in such obscurity with no one even pausing as they passed him; meanwhile at the same moment several hours away thousands were admiring his work

我最受欢迎的一站是在康科德中心(Concord center)停放豪华轿车或公司汽车,并带领我的客户小跑上山,进入昏昏欲睡的山谷公墓。每个人都想看到路易莎·梅·奥尔科特、爱默生和霍桑等站在山脊上。我迅速回忆和谈起他们生活中有趣的事情。然后等着,人们四处探索墓地,拍照等等。