《刺客信条:影》中的黑武士是历史的胜利还是觉醒的过犹不及?
2024-05-30 侧对飞雪 4943
正文翻译


题图:《刺客信条:影》的男主角,弥助,一个黑人武士。

In November 2024, a new installment in a popular videogame franchise will be released – Assassin’s Creed Shadows. Set in Feudal Japan, the game will tell the story of two protagonists – Naoe, a Japanese female ninja, and Yasuke, an African samurai.

2024年11月时,一款广受欢迎的电子游戏系列将发售新作--《刺客信条:影》。游戏将以封建时代的日本为背景,讲述两位主角--日本女忍者奈绪江和非洲武士弥助的故事。

Finally, a game about stealth, cinematic assassinations and a centuries-long conflict between global shadow societies takes place in Japan – a land of unbreakable honor, invisible ninjas, and sharp katanas. The first leaks about this setting began surfacing in 2021, just as Ghost of Tsushima, another game about being a warrior in Japan, was released to high critical acclaim.

最后,一款关于潜行、电影级暗杀和全球影子社会之间长达数百年冲突的游戏将在日本舞台上演--一个拥有牢不可破的荣誉、无影忍者和锋利武士刀的国度。2021年,就在另一款以日本武士为题材的游戏《对马岛之魂》发布并广受好评时,有关这一背景的第一批泄密信息开始浮出水面。

This is not the first time when an Assassin’s Creed game has used two protagonists. In Syndicate, set in Victorian London, you played as the Frye twins - Jacob and Evie. The two characters embodied two different playstyles - Jacob specialized in open hand-to-hand combat, while Evie relied on stealth and ranged weapons. Another game, Origins, that told the story of the creation of the Assassins’ Brotherhood in Ancient Egypt, had several missions that let you control Aya, the wife of the main protagonist Bayek. So, if this is not the first time this has happened, what made the initial reaction to Shadows so different?

这已经不是《刺客信条》游戏第一次使用双主角了。在以维多利亚时代的伦敦为背景的《刺客信条:枭雄》中,你扮演的是弗莱双胞胎--雅各布和伊薇。这两个角色体现了两种不同的游戏风格--雅各布擅长空手格斗,而伊薇则依赖潜行和远程武器。另一款游戏《刺客信条:起源》讲述了在古埃及创建刺客兄弟会的故事,其中有几个任务让你控制主角巴耶克的妻子艾雅。那么,如果这不是第一次出现这种情况,是什么让《刺客信条:影》的最初反应如此不同呢?

At first, people were surprised by the inclusion of an African man as one of the playable characters. Sure, Yasuke was a real person, who lived in Japan during Oda Nabunaga’s reign in the 16th century. But even today, historians can not agree whether he was really a mercenary samurai, or just a slave in Nabunaga’s court.

起初,人们对可玩角色中包含一名非洲男子感到惊讶。当然,弥助是一个真实存在的人,他生活在16世纪织田信长统治时期的日本。但即使到了今天,历史学家们也无法就他究竟是一名雇佣武士,还是只是野信长宫廷中的一名奴隶达成一致。

Assassin’s Creed games have always included prominent historical figures as characters – Leonardo Da Vinci, Napoleon, Cleopatra, Socrates, Benjamin Franklin, all to immerse the player in the time period and to make them feel the importance of their contribution to mankind’s history.

《刺客信条》游戏中总是有杰出的历史人物作为角色--达芬奇、拿破仑、埃及艳后、苏格拉底、本杰明-富兰克林,所有这些都是为了让玩家身临其境,感受他们对人类历史所做贡献的重要性。

Out of all the people that lived during that period and could be used as a protagonist – why choose Yasuke? He did not impact the history of Japan that much and is not symbolic of any events that happened. So why was a big black man chosen for a game seemingly about Japanese people, stealth and ninjas? Maybe the developers wanted to add the same “choose your playstyle” feature they already had in Syndicate. Or maybe they saw the opportunity to put another “underrepresented” person in a setting they probably have no place in, just to show the world how progressive they are. This move is sure to place them on a few liberal game awards organizations’ radars, but for now it has only made a lot of gamers upset. At this time, Shadows’ reveal trailer on Youtube is the most disliked in the series’ history, with people all over the world, including in Japan, sharing their disappointment with Ubisoft. Some are even calling out the hypocrisy by saying that adding a black character is seen as progressive (and you can be called racist for obxting), but if a white samurai was the main character, the uproar would be unimaginable.

在所有生活在那个时期、可以作为主角的人中,为什么要选择弥助呢?他对日本历史的影响并不大,也不是任何事件的象征。那么,为什么一款看似以日本人、潜行和忍者为主题的游戏会选择一个大个子黑人呢?也许开发商想加入《刺客信条:枭雄》中已有的“选择你的玩法”功能。又或者,他们看到了将另一个“未被充分代表的”人放到一个他们可能不适合的环境中的机会,只是为了向世界展示他们是多么的前卫。此举肯定会让他们进入一些自由游戏评奖组织的视线,但目前这只会让很多玩家感到不满。目前,《刺客信条:影》在Youtube上的曝光预告片是该系列历史上最不受喜爱的预告片,包括日本在内的世界各地的人们都在分享他们对育碧的失望。有些人甚至大骂育碧虚伪,称加入黑人角色被视为进步(反对会被称为种族主义者),但如果主角是白人武士,骚动将难以想象。

The decision to make one of the protagonists non-Japanese is a brave one. Since the reveal, the community has split into two parts – the more vocal one expresses their displeasure with another example of meaningless diversity and inclusion, while the other one is seemingly happy with finally getting their Japanese Assassin’s Creed. Both groups have their reasons. Adding a diverse character for the sake of diversity and progressive optics is now commonplace, and people are tired of seeing it. The intentions could be genuine, but it’s hard for gamers to trust corporate boardrooms. The silent majority, meanwhile, is excited for the game, if sales are any indication. Shadows is the #1 best seller on Amazon Japan. But then again, if a gaming industry titan like Ubisoft, as part of an insanely popular franchise like Assassins Creed, were to make a game about India, Russia or Türkiye, there are good chances that the game would be an instant best seller in that country, African protagonists or not.

让主角之一成为非日本人是一个勇敢的决定。自游戏曝光以来,玩家分成了两方:一方对又一次毫无意义的多元化和包容性展示表示不满,而另一方则似乎对终于有了日语版的《刺客信条》感到高兴。两帮人都有自己的理由。为了多样化和进步的视觉效果而添加一个多样化的角色,现在已经司空见惯,人们已经看腻了。他们的意图可能是真诚的,但玩家很难相信公司董事会。与此同时,沉默的大多数却对这款游戏充满期待,如果销售情况能说明这一点的话。《刺客信条:影》是日本亚马逊上最畅销的游戏。不过,话又说回来,如果育碧这样的游戏业巨头,作为《刺客信条》这样大受欢迎的系列游戏的一部分,制作一款关于印度、俄罗斯或土耳其的游戏,那么无论主角是不是非洲人,这款游戏都很有可能在该国立即成为畅销货。

There is an opinion online that adding a black samurai is not a betrayal of Japanese culture or history. That the stories that can be told about Japan are not limited to stories about Japanese samurai; that it’s a harmful cliche. While it can be a stereotype, stories that are based on a stereotype resonate the most with people - a cowboy movie, a samurai game, a World War II series. It’s a hook that grabs the entire human population interested in that genre, and then it’s up to the story to prove itself and show that it is much more than just a stereotype. Red Dead Redemption 2 for example, is “just another cowboy game,” but its story and its characters attracted many people, even some that had no previous interest in gaming.

网上有一种观点认为,加入黑人武士并不是对日本文化或历史的背叛。可以讲述的日本故事并不局限于日本武士的故事;这是一种有害的陈词滥调。虽然它可能是一种陈词滥调,但基于陈词滥调的故事最能引起人们的共鸣--牛仔电影、武士游戏、二战系列。它是一个钩子,能钩住所有对该类型感兴趣的人,然后就看故事如何证明自己,并表明它不仅仅是一个刻板印象。例如,《荒野大镖客:救赎2》是“另一款牛仔游戏”,但它的故事和角色吸引了很多人,甚至是一些以前对游戏毫无兴趣的人。

But the main problem of Shadows might not be its questionable choice of characters. Ghost of Tsushima, a 2020 Sony game about the first Mongol invasion of Japan, whose success was probably the reason Shadows was made, is being compared to the upcoming Assassin’s Creed, six months before its release.

但是,《刺客信条:影》的主要问题可能并不在于它对角色的选择有问题。《对马岛之魂》是索尼于2020年推出的一款游戏,讲述的是蒙古人第一次入侵日本的故事,《刺客信条:影》的成功很可能就是该游戏成功的原因。

Journalists worry that we've come full circle – Ghost of Tsushima was created as an ‘Assassin’s Creed in Japan’, improving on its mechanics and storytelling. If Ubisoft learns nothing from their shortcomings in game design, it looks like Shadows will be their typical open-world game, and will pale in comparison to a Japanese game about Japan.

记者们担心,我们已经绕了一个大圈--《对马岛之魂》是作为“日本版《刺客信条》”而创作的,它在机制和故事上都有所改进。如果育碧没有从他们在游戏设计上的不足中吸取教训,那么《刺客信条:影》似乎将成为他们典型的开放世界游戏,与一款关于日本的日本游戏相比将显得苍白无力。

Come November, the dust will settle and the game will be released. As usual, fans will be hyped, and the game will be full of bugs and lacking in features. After a while, the bugs will be patched, downloadable content will inevitably be released, and the in-game store will bombard gamers with ads. In the end, some will remember the game fondly for years, some will leave it halfway through, but its success will be measured only by Ubisoft’s earnings report for that year. That is the only way that corporations see the right and wrong in their decisions – their bottom line.

到11月时尘埃落定,游戏即将发布。像往常一样,粉丝们会兴奋不已,而游戏则会充满Bug,功能匮乏。过一段时间,错误会得到修补,可下载内容不可避免地会发布,游戏内的商店也会用广告轰炸玩家。最后,有些人会对这款游戏念念不忘,有些人会半途而废,但游戏的成功与否只能通过育碧当年的盈利报告来衡量。这是企业看清其决策是非的唯一途径--也是他们的底线。

评论翻译
@Haelionn
They can make movies and games with George Washington as a black man, but I doubt they would Nelson Mandela as a white man.

他们可以把黑人乔治-华盛顿拍成电影和游戏,但我怀疑他们会把纳尔逊-曼德拉拍成白人。

@Rabelais
But then again ZIONISTS promote this indeed as to dilute and destroy culture and history of others. . In 1917 they burned down 20 000 churches. Never read they burned other buildings. In USRAEL they also pull down statues of famous Southern Army heroes and even statues of the Founding Fathers of US Independence. 100% of the time it is indeed done and promoted by zionist neocons from Hollywood and the zionist neocon US media.

不过,犹太复国主义者也确实提倡这样做,以稀释和破坏他人的文化和历史。1917年,他们烧毁了两万座教堂。倒是没读到过他们还烧毁过其他建筑。在美色列,他们还拆毁了著名的南方军队英雄的雕像,甚至美国独立先驱的雕像。100%的情况都是由好莱坞的犹太复国主义新移民和犹太复国主义新移民美国媒体所为。
(译者注:USRAEL,美色列,是USA美国和ISRAEl以色列的合写,用以讽刺被以色列寄生的美国。)

@Assie The Descendant of criminals
Japanese slaves will gladly accept this humiliation from their Anglo Saxon owners.

日本奴隶会欣然接受他们的盎格鲁撒克逊主人的这种羞辱。

@Venom_
A black samurai,LoL.Fiction beyond fiction. Blacks in Feudal Japan I don’t so. They couldn’t even make a boat to go there. Altering of history again

一个黑人武士,笑死。虚构之外的虚构。日本封建时代有黑人,我可不这么觉得。他们甚至连去那里的船都造不出来。再次篡改了历史。

@Mechyuda
The truth is Native Americans lost the most to Western colonialism. Western colonialism invaded, slandered, & exploited the large majority of nations on this planet.
Eventually, Western colonialism was successfully rejected by most nations, & Western Europe's colonial empires imploded during two world wars.

事实上,美洲原住民是西方殖民主义的最大受害者。西方殖民主义侵略、诽谤和剥削了地球上绝大多数国家。
最终,西方殖民主义被大多数国家成功抵制,西欧的殖民帝国在两次世界大战中内讧。

If you check out historical records, then you'll see that Western Europe tried to enslave all other nations/kingdoms/tribes.
However, the Middle East + North Africa, South Asia, Southeast Asia, & East Asia were mostly successful in rebelling against this enslavement.
Sub-Saharan Africa actually had various tribes & kingdoms that sold many of their slaves to foreigners such as Western Europeans (which included both Christians & Jujubes).
Back then, most people on this planet were slaves & peasants.
Many Sub-Saharan Africans rebelled against Western Europe's colonialism, but Sub-Saharan Africans had stone-age technology to primitive steel technology, thus Sub-Saharan Africans usually lost to Western Europe & then accepted enslavement by Western Europe.
Nearly all Native Americans consistently rebelled against Western Europe's invasion & enslavement, but Native Americans had a stone-age civilization, thus Native Americans were easily attacked with GENOCIDE.
This is how Haiti started off as a tropic paradise for Native Americans, but ended up as a failed state of overpopulated plate-lips who were former slaves of Western Europe.

如果你查阅历史记录,就会发现西欧曾试图奴役所有其他国家/王国/部落。
然而,中东+北非、南亚、东南亚和东亚大多成功地反抗了这种奴役。
撒哈拉以南的非洲地区实际上有许多部落和王国将他们的许多奴隶卖给了外国人,如西欧人(包括基督徒和茹比人)。
那时,这个星球上的大多数人都是奴隶和农民。
许多撒哈拉以南非洲人反抗西欧的殖民主义,但撒哈拉以南非洲人拥有石器时代的技术和原始的钢铁技术,因此撒哈拉以南非洲人通常输给西欧,然后接受西欧的奴役。
几乎所有美洲原住民都一直反抗西欧的入侵和奴役,但美洲原住民拥有石器时代的文明,因此美洲原住民很容易遭到种族灭绝的攻击。
这就是为什么海地一开始是美洲原住民的热带天堂,但最后却变成了一个人口过剩的失败国家,而这些人都曾是西欧的奴隶。

This is why the world needs to customize solutions for dissimilar communities, unique peoples, & peculiar individuals.
On the other hand, Western nations' self-righteous liberals fanatically believe that more equality & cultural Marxism are better for the entire world, but these ideas are unnatural for different peoples' preferences & counterproductive for the development of diverse lifeforms.

这就是为什么世界需要为不同的社区、独特的民族和奇特的个人定制解决方案。
另一方面,西方国家自以为是的自由主义者狂热地认为,更多的平等和文化马克思主义对整个世界更有利,但这些想法对不同民族的喜好来说是不自然的,对多样化生命形式的发展来说是适得其反的。

@2 the top
Woke nonsense, it's getting pathetic and embarrassing. What's next a black Chinese emperor?

觉醒个屁啊,越来越可悲和尴尬了。下一个是什么,中国黑人皇帝吗?

@Me1
Will they make a black Bruce Lee remake of Enter The Dragon? Maybe a rainbow female version too?

他们会翻拍黑人版的李小龙《猛龙过江》吗?也许还会有彩虹女版的?

@D R
"Break the code" everywhere, so that only their own rules apply, that's the real motto of the Jews.
In the real story the only known Yasuke was the servant of a Jesuit, aka a slave, not a Samurai.

处处“打破常规”,以便于适用自己的规则,这才是犹太人真正的座右铭。
在真实的故事中,唯一已知的是弥助是耶稣会神父的仆人,也就是奴隶,而不是武士。

@Tarkol5142
The blacks are happy to serve as the jews' soldiers against other races and cultures despite the jews setup and ran the globalized slave trade and ownership. Which proves that all the calls asking other cultures to pay for slavery are a scam on all levels and it's time for cultures to stop falling for it.

黑人乐于充当犹太人的士兵,对抗其他种族和文化,尽管犹太人建立并管理着全球化的奴隶贸易和所有权。这证明,所有要求其他文化为奴隶制买单的呼声都是一场骗局,现在是各文化停止上当的时候了。

@Resettle445
In the end, blacks do not improve areas they invade. Yes, they have high energy and musical talent, but the baggage that comes with it is not worth it.

归根结底,黑人并不能改善他们入侵的地区。是的,他们有很高的能量和音乐天赋,但随他们而来的负担并不值得。

@Gerry Radon
In the USA there is a concept called White Flight. Wherein White people will move out when numbers of Blacks increase in an area. Hillary Clinton , had many faults but was clearly correct in labeling Blacks as Super predators.

在美国,有一个概念叫做“白人外逃”。当一个地区的黑人数量增加时,白人就会搬走。希拉里-克林顿有很多缺点,但把黑人称为超级掠夺者显然是正确的。

@Ser Korz
black samurai is a woke overreach! Japanese are as racist as any are.

黑人武士是一种觉醒过度的说法!日本人和其他人一样都是种族主义者。

@OreoKnows
Can't wait until there is a WW2 movie about black Nazis. Celebration of inclusion and diversity.

等不及要看一部关于黑人纳粹的二战电影了。庆祝包容性和多样性。

@Hanonymouse
Ubisoft should get used to the idea that no one wants to buy their crappy games anymore.

育碧应该习惯于没有人愿意再买他们的蹩脚游戏的想法。

@Visbhume
Why not make him Chinese? There were Chinese in Japan at the time, and their lives were difficult. At least it would be historically accurate. NO way a foreigner was a samurai. No way at all. Even a Chinese, whose family had been generations in Japan, would have great difficulty pulling that off.

为什么不让他成为中国人?当时日本也有中国人,他们的生活也很艰难。至少这符合历史事实。外国人是不可能成为武士的。根本不可能。即使是祖祖辈辈生活在日本的中国人,也很难做到这一点。

@James Lutian
American Blacks are enormous consumers of media and viewed by the corporate West as easy targets to manipulate and fleece.
This phase is similar to what happened to American White women in the 1960's when corporations viewed them as simple minded, stay-at-home spending machines desperate to follow social trends.
Now Black America is getting the same treatment.

美国黑人是巨大的媒体消费者,被西方企业视为易于操纵和欺骗的目标。
这一阶段类似于20世纪60年代美国白人妇女的遭遇,当时企业将她们视为头脑简单、待在家里不顾一切追随社会潮流的消费机器。
现在,美国黑人也受到了同样的待遇。

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